The Xoloitzcuintle: A Complete Guide

One of the world’s oldest and rarest breeds, the Xoloitzcuintle can justly be called the first dog of the Americas.

Archaeological evidence indicates that Xoloitzcuintles accompanied man on his first migrations across the Bering Straits.

Their name is derived from the name of the Aztec Indian god Xolotl and Itzcuintli, the Aztec word for dog.

The Xoloitzcuintle is known as a healer. Its warm skin was used in remote villages in Mexico and Central America to prevent or cure ailments like insomnia, asthma, toothache, and rheumatism.

Xoloitzcuintles were also believed to safeguard the home from evil spirits and intruders.

They make excellent companion dogs. Xoloitzcuintles need a consistent training regimen and clearly defined boundaries.

A training class for Xoloitzcuintle puppies need to undergo training classes because they require a huge amount of exercise and playtime.

Bored Xoloitzcuintles may entertain themselves in ways you don’t find acceptable.

If you want to own a Xoloitzcuintle, you need to be a complete companion for them. You need to be a guardian, playmate, and friend.

Xoloitzcuintles are fine as only dogs, but also sharing a home with children or other pets.

Xoloitzcuintle Puppies – Before You Buy…

The Xoloitzcuintle has an exotic, elegant appearance.

What Price are Xoloitzcuintle Puppies?

The current median price for all Xoloitzcuintles sold is $500. This is the price you can expect to budget for a Xoloitzcuintle with papers but without breeding rights nor show quality.

Expect to pay less for a puppy without papers. However, it’s not recommended to buy a puppy without papers.

How to Find Reputable Xoloitzcuintle Breeders?

It’s very easy to find breeders online, but you need to weed out the bad breeders from the responsible ones.

Don’t worry because what sets reputable breeders from those who are not are very easy to spot.

Find a breeder who keeps their dogs in the home and as part of the family, not outside in kennel runs.

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The dogs must look happy and healthy, excited to meet new people, and don’t shy away from visitors.

They must also show where the dogs spend most of their time, and the place should be clean and well-maintained.

Reputable dog breeders should also encourage potential dog owners to spend time with the puppy’s parents.

They should breed one or two types of dogs only and are knowledgeable about breed standards.

They also have strong relationships with local veterinarians and can show you the records of veterinary visits for the puppies.

When asked about the health condition of the puppies, they can explain the puppies’ medical history and what vaccinations your new puppy will need.

They are very knowledgeable when it comes to potential genetic problems that can affect the breed, and they can explain very well what those concerns are.

They are willing to help you care and train your puppy. They are available to assist you even after you have taken your puppy home.

In addition to the above criteria, a reputable breeder also will require explain why you want a dog.

They will want to know who will be responsible for the puppy’s daily care, who will attend training classes with them, and where the dog will spend most of its time.

Reputable breeders will also make you sign a contract which states that you can return the dog if you’re unable to keep them.

3 Little-Known Facts About Xoloitzcuintle Puppies

  1. Xoloitzcuintles also known as Mexican Hairless, Xolo, Xolito, Xoloescuincle, Xoloitzquintle, or Xoloitzcuintli.
  2. The Xoloitzcuintle has been around for three thousand years. It’s a very ancient Latin American breed that was highly regarded by the native Mayan civilizations.
  3. With the defeat of the Aztecs and their culture by the Spanish, the breed diminished drastically, essentially becoming rare.

It is thought the breed was saved from extinction by its adoption by remote, mountain-dwelling Indians.

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Physical Traits of the Xoloitzcuintle

The Xoloitzcuintle is mostly hairless, so no shedding and no brushing.

The Xoloitzcuintle is generally hairless. However, there is a variation in hair.

It comes in three sizes: standard, miniature, and toy. The hairless is the more popular variety of the Xoloitzcuintle variations.

It is very hairless but may have a tuft of hair on its head and tail. The skin of a Xoloitzcuintle should be soft and smooth.

Its colors are also varied. It can be fawn, red, brindle, bronze, gray, slate gray, or black.

The skin may be a solid color or spotted. If your Xoloitzcuintle has a coat, it should be sleek and short.

The haired variety will shed very little if it is regularly brushed. It has a broad skull with either a black nose or a nose that matches the skin color.

It has large, upright ears that resemble those of a bat. It is possible for a Xoloitzcuintle to change colors as it matures.

While it’s not known to be a hypoallergenic dog, it has little or no hair. It has no dander and fleas, making it excellent for very neat people or people who have allergies and asthma.

The Xoloitzcuintle requires little grooming, especially the hairless variety. Bathe and lotion them twice a month or as needed.

Use sunscreen only as needed. The Xoloitzcuintle has the potential to develop acne if he is over moisturized. He also has the potential to develop dry skin, especially in the winter.

You should also be careful with their ears and protect them from the elements.

Clip the nails as needed and brush their teeth every day to prevent bad breath and gum disease.

How Big is a Full-Grown Xoloitzcuintle?

The standard Xoloitzcuintle can grow up to approximately 20 to 30 inches and weigh 25 to 40 pounds.

What is the Life Expectancy of the Xoloitzcuintle?

The life expectancy of Xoloitzcuintles is 14 to 20 years.

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Intelligence, Temperament and Personality Traits of the Xoloitzcuintle

The elegant, animated Xoloitzcuintle moves lightly and gracefully, runs swiftly, and jumps and climbs with agility.

They are very attentive to their owner and crave a lot of personal interaction. They are also likely to mope or act out when left alone too long.

Wary of strangers, the Xoloitzcuintle makes an alert watchdog, exceedingly aware of his surroundings.

He often reacts based on instinct, and his reflexes are lightning fast. Because of his athleticism and ingenuity, your fences should be high and secure.

Also, don’t allow barking to become established.

The Xoloitzcuintle is a highly intelligent, loyal, energetic, and very loving dog.

It bonds to the person or people that it feels is responsible for its care and training.

The entire family is encouraged to take some responsibility for the dog so that it will bond to everyone in the family and not just one person.

The Xoloitzcuintle is a naturally protective dog but often shy around strangers. He is also very easy to housebreak.

However, he needs a firm hand when it comes to discipline. He will become the leader of the pack if he does not feel his humans lead properly.

Some owners refer to the Xoloitzcuintle as a Velcro Dog. This dog stays with its humans constantly.

It is possible that the Xoloitzcuintle can develop Small Dog Syndrome, which is not necessarily the fault of the dog.

Humans must remember to be firm and consistent with them so that they will not fall into bad habits.

Overall, the Xoloitzcuintle is a loving and treasured family pet.

The Xoloitzcuintle’s Diet

The Xoloitzcuintle is a dog that’s smart, sensitive, and high-spirited.

The Xoloitzcuintle should be fed a diet of high-quality food.

The breed is partial to fruits and vegetables, so feel free to liberally add these to their meal.

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If you are feeding them meat, it should be low in fat. Commercial dog food is also acceptable, even though these dogs often have fewer teeth than their canine counterparts.

How Much Exercise Does a Xoloitzcuintle Need?

The Xoloitzcuintle is definitely not a hyperactive dog breed, but they do require daily exercise.

This is the best way to ensure that your dog’s mental and physical energy is appropriately channeled.

There are many ways to accomplish this, and Xoloitzcuintle of every size can live happily in small city apartments.

For toy Xoloitzcuintles, running around the house, along with a couple of daily walks, is usually sufficient.

Larger Xoloitzcuintle require a vigorous run once or twice a day. However, space to run should never be viewed as a substitute for your time.

Interactive play is the exercise regimen preferred by most Xoloitzcuintles. These dogs love a daily walk and make excellent jogging companions.

Xoloitzcuintles will happily play in a fenced yard, as long as you are there to share in their games.

Tug-o-war is a favorite Xoloitzcuintle game, and a very good way to teach bite control and curb aggression.

Xoloitzcuintles also love hide-and-seek type of games where they can search for well-hidden toys and treats.

This provides an acceptable outlet for their predatory urges. Even a simple game of fetch will send most Xoloitzcuintles into a state of ecstasy.

Left to their own devices, Xoloitzcuintles become prime candidates for bad habits such as chronic barking, digging, or fence running.

This behavior is sometimes mistaken for neurosis or separation anxiety. Very often, it is simply the product of a high-drive dog breed deprived of a proper outlet for natural behavior.

Varying your Xoloitzcuintle’s exercise routine will also help to curb territorial aggression.

Most Xoloitzcuintles spend a good part of their time patrolling their property.

This is a very effective deterrent to trespassers, but don’t expect your dog to differentiate between delivery men and burglars.

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Territorial dogs can become almost obsessive about this desire to maintain order if their daily exercise is limited to the same predictable area.

Regularly scheduled activities away from home will encourage socialization and balance out this tendency.

Xoloitzcuintle Health and Conditions

Xoloitzcuintles have no genetic health issues because they are healthy and resilient breed, which is quite rare for dogs.

They are, however, susceptible to the same ailments as other breeds such as illnesses, joint pain, arthritis, blindness, deafness, heart murmur, and other symptoms of aging.

My Final Thoughts on the Xoloitzcuintle

If you want a dog who comes in different sizes and has an exotic, elegant appearance like that of a small deer, you need a Xoloitzcuintle.

It is mostly hairless, which means it does not shed and needs no brushing.

It moves with light-footed grace, runs swiftly, and jumps and climbs with agility.

It’s a dog that’s smart, sensitive, and high-spirited. It’s a keen watchdog, however, it will not make a good guard dog.

Xoloitzcuintles are usually peaceful with other animals.

They are loyal, intelligent, attentive, and athletic, and extremely loving to their family.

They bond most deeply with the person who feeds them and spends time with them.

Given their nature as guard dogs, Xoloitzcuintles are protective of their humans and don’t care much about strangers.

Image Sources: 1, 2, 3

OVERALL SUMMARY

7.5
Cost to Buy
7.5
Cuteness Level
8
Family Safety
7
Friendliness
9.5
Health Concerns
9.5
Life Span
8
Exercise Required
4.5
Food Required
OVERALL RATING 7.7 / 10

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