My Dog Drank Bleach! Here’s What to Do (Our Vet Answers)

Since the coronavirus pandemic struck, people have been disinfecting their homes more frequently and more thoroughly. Sadly, the Pet Poison Helpline reported an increase of more than 100% in calls regarding exposure of pets to household cleaning products. Here, we look at bleach, a commonly used household product. So, can bleach hurt your dog? The simple answer is yes; bleach is poisonous to dogs. How dangerous it is will depend on the concentration of the product and how your pet came into contact with it.Divider 1

Is bleach harmful to dogs?

While you may consider it unlikely that your canine friend would be drawn to a cleaning product, there are a number of ways that this can happen! Some dogs play with empty milk cartons or plastic bottles as toys. They could easily mistake a bottle of bleach-containing product for a toy, especially if the bottle is brightly colored! Dogs explore with their mouths, which can lead to punctured bottles and ingested bleach.

bleach cleaner-pixabay
Image credit: ds_30, Pixabay

Some cleaning products are designed to make our homes smell sweet, which may attract your pet. If your dog walks through some bleach while you are mopping the floor, this can cause problems for their skin. It may also cause them to attempt to groom off the bleach, leading to accidental ingestion. Some dogs have a habit of drinking from toilet bowls – if newly cleaned, this is a potential source of exposure.

Remember that tooth whitening products often contain bleach. These are often flavored and may smell appetizing to your dog! Of course, there are some breeds (Labrador springs to mind) that may just drink from a bucket of bleach water!

Diluted bleach or mild cleaning products can cause some nasty symptoms. Concentrated bleach products can cause more serious symptoms and potentially be fatal. A common question since the pandemic started is, “Can I put a little bleach in my dog’s bath water?” The answer is no! There is no need, there are plenty of effective pet-safe shampoos on the market that kill the virus more effectively than bleach. You risk harming your pet, which of course, no pet parent would want. Despite some misleading articles you might come across online, bleach should never be used to bathe your dog, treat fleas, color their fur, or treat parvovirus.

My dog ate bleach – what should I do?

Stay calm and move your pet, to prevent them from accessing any more of the product. If you can, try to get your dog to drink some water or milk, to dilute the bleach. If the product is on their skin, wash it off to prevent them from licking it off and ingesting it.

Next, call your veterinary clinic with the following information:
  • What your dog has eaten or been exposed to
  • The route by which they have been exposed, i.e. by mouth or skin contact
  • How much they have ingested
  • A rough time of ingestion, or timeframe when it may have occurred
  • A rough weight for your dog and if they have any medical conditions
  • If they are showing any symptoms

Your veterinarian may wish to examine your dog, in which case you should take the container of bleach product with you.

Divider 4My dog ate bleach – what are the symptoms?

dog laying on surgery table
Image Credit: Jaromir Chalabala, Shutterstock

 

Symptoms will vary depending on the concentration of bleach in the ingested product, as well as the amount of bleach your dog has eaten.

If your dog has eaten diluted bleach or mild household bleach products, then they may show these symptoms:
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Lethargy / depression
  • Drooling
  • Pawing at their face or mouth
  • Loss of interest in food
  • Red, angry skin lesions around their mouth

Even color-safe (non-chlorine) bleach can irritate the food pipe and stomach and cause vomiting because it contains hydrogen peroxide.

If your dog has ingested concentrated (more than 10%) bleach product then more serious effects are possible, in addition to those listed above:
  • Ulceration of the gastrointestinal tract
  • Increased thirst, confusion, tremors, and potentially seizures; caused by hypernatremia (high blood sodium levels) and hyperchloremia (high blood chlorine levels)
  • Damage to the kidneys
  • Irritation of the respiratory tract from the fumes
  • In very severe cases, ingestion of bleach can be fatal

What is the treatment for bleach poisoning?

Treatment will be supportive, meaning your veterinarian will treat the symptoms rather than having a cure. In mild cases, your veterinarian may suggest caring for your dog at home. This could mean getting them to drink some water or milk, bathing them in mild dog shampoo if they have skin lesions, and monitoring them for symptoms. It is important to note that you should never try to determine if your dog’s case is mild by yourself – always call your veterinarian for advice!

You should also never try to make your dog vomit at home; but especially not with bleach ingestion. Making a dog sick is dangerous in this case, as the bleach can cause more corrosive damage on the way back up. Plus, there is a risk that your dog may breathe in some of the bleach-containing vomit, causing damage to the lungs.

Depending on the severity of symptoms, treatment could include hospitalization for monitoring; a fluid drip to correct electrolyte (in this case sodium and chloride) imbalances; medicine to protect the stomach or treat stomach ulcers; and anti-sickness medication.

Sick dog on pillow
Image credit: PickPik

How can I stop my dog from drinking bleach?

Of course, preventing is better than treating! So, how can you prevent your doggy from coming into contact with bleach?

Here are some top tips:
  • Always store bleach containing products safely out of reach of your curious pooch
  • Always follow the instructions on the label, especially with regards to diluting the product The more diluted it is, the less toxic it is
  • When cleaning areas your dog comes into contact with, use a pet-safe disinfectant
  • If you choose to use bleach, rinse the area well with water after cleaning
  • Close off the area you are cleaning to your dog
  • Leave windows open to disperse any fumes
  • Close toilet lids after cleaning!

Divider 2My dog drank bleach – will they recover?

In the majority of cases, dogs make a full recovery. However, this is down to the fact that it is rare for a dog to consume a large amount of concentrated bleach. Most cases are therefore mild. If your dog consumes any amount of concentrated bleach, this is definitely an emergency and you should call your veterinarian straight away. Bleach poisoning does have the potential to be fatal. With diluted, mild, or color-safe bleach you should still call your veterinary clinic or the Pet Poison Helpline for advice.


Featured Image Credit: congerdesign, Pixabay