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Feeding a Dog: How Much and How Often? (Feeding Chart & Guide)

How often and how much you feed your dog varies widely based on their breed, your schedule, and the individual dog’s preferences. For example, some dogs prefer to eat in the morning, while others scarf a portion of kibble down faster than lightning in the evenings.

Combining all these factors helps you figure out how much and how often you should feed your dog. This article gives you further guidance and reasonable rules of thumb to use to ensure that you are keeping them on a healthy diet.

What to Feed Your Dog

There are literally thousands of different kinds of foods, diets, and combinations that you can feed your dog. Some will depend on your budget and schedule, while for others, the most restrictive aspect is how picky your dog is.

Golden Retriever eating
Image Credit: Chendongshan, Shutterstock

Gluten-free vs. Gluten-full?

The debate about a gluten-free food’s health compared to one that contains ingredients such as wheat and other grains has raged for years. Some people stand staunchly by the opinion that it doesn’t make a difference. Others are firmly on the side that gluten is unnatural in a dog’s diet and can disrupt their digestive systems.

That said, some dogs are simply gluten intolerant. The more of it they eat, the more irregular their digestive system becomes. Others seem to not only tolerate but also prefer food with gluten in it.

Wet vs. Dry Food

Wet and dry food is less of a hot topic when it comes to your dog’s diet. It depends on what you want to give them. You can even combine the two. Some dog parents face the struggle of getting their pups to slow down at the dinner bowl, while others can’t get their dogs to eat dry food. If your dog seems uninterested in their kibble, try mixing wet food into it.

West Highland White Terrier dog at home eating_alejandro rodriguez_shutterstock
Image Credit: alejandro-rodriguez, Shutterstock

What NOT to Feed Your Dog

Many things are better to avoid feeding your pup. Some human foods are even toxic and can seriously harm your dog and even cause fatal reactions to occur. Foods you need to avoid giving your dog, even for a bit of taste, include:

  • Onions
  • Garlic
  • Chocolate
  • Raisins
  • Grapes
  • Avocado
  • Macadamia nuts
  • Xylitol (Sweetener)
  • Alcohol
  • Caffeine
  • Peaches and plums

While some of these foods don’t present as much harm as the others, they can make your dog feel quite sick. If they have eaten something that they shouldn’t, call your vet’s emergency number, which you should have on hand at all times.

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How Much to Feed Your Dog

The amount that you feed your dog is primarily based on their weight and age. Puppies need a special type of puppy food to help them develop into strong and healthy dogs. As they age, the amount that they are fed changes until they reach 1 year old.

Once a dog is 1 year old, their feeding needs should stabilize and stay the same until they begin to become senior dogs. As they become seniors, they will likely eat less, and the kind of food that they eat will likely need to change again.

If their consumption needs to change during adulthood, it will likely be due to a change in their activity level or health condition. Active dogs, for example, will need to eat more than a dog of the same breed that doesn’t get out as often.

Corgi Eating
Image Credit By: Anastasiya Tsiasemnikava, shutterstock

Daily Feeding Chart for Dogs

Breed Size & Weight Up to 3 Months 3 to 5 Months 5 to 7 Months 7 Mos to 1+ Yr 
Toy

3 to 12 lbs.

⅓ to 1 cup ½ to 1 cup 1 to 1¼ cups 1 to ¼ cups
Small

21 to 50 lbs.

1¼ to 3⅔ cups 1 to 1⅔ cups 1⅔ to 2 cups 1⅔ to 2 cups
Medium

21 to 50 lbs.

1¼ to 3⅔ cups 2¼ to 4⅓ cups 3 to 4½ cups 3 to 4½ cups
Large

51 to 100 lbs.

1¾  to 4¼ cups 3¼ to 5⅓ cups 4½ to 6⅓ cups 4½ to 6⅓ cups
X Large

100+ lbs.

4¼ to ¼ cups 5⅓ to 7 cups 6⅓ to 8¾ cups 6⅓ to 10⅔ cups

Source:  http://www.rechargecolorado.org/how-much-to-feed-my-puppy-chart/

How Often to Feed Your Dog

How often you feed your dog changes based on your schedule and their feeding habits. It is typically best for you to feed a dog twice a day, splitting the daily recommended amount between these two portions.

Some people might decide to free-feed their dogs. This means that each day, instead of feeding them at roughly the same time, you leave their food out all day. It gives them the option of grazing whenever they are hungry and takes away the responsibility of feeding them at certain times, especially if your schedule is hectic.

The downsides to free-feeding are that you often don’t know how much your dog has eaten and when. It doesn’t put them on any kind of schedule, and their need for the bathroom will typically be more irregular. Food that sits out all day can also attract unwanted insects and creatures into your home.

Free-feeding also only works well for dogs that can control their eating. In other words, they only want to eat when they are hungry. Dog breeds like Labradors usually can’t be free-fed because they will continue to eat until they get sick.

dog food eating
Image credit: Pixabay

How to Introduce a New Food

If you decide to switch foods, whether it be to a new brand or flavor or from puppy to adult to senior food, it can be difficult to inspire your dog to make the change along with you.

The best way to introduce a new food is to do it gradually. It will also be easier on your dog’s digestive system. The quicker that you switch food on them, the more likely it could cause tummy trouble.

Transition your dog by steadily mixing in the new food into their current food a couple of days at a time over a week-long period. Slowly increase the amount of new dog food and decrease the amount of their current food. Always keep the ratio balanced, so they still receive a healthy amount of food each serving.

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Signs That Your Dog’s Weight Is Healthy

Dogs are naturally fit, strong creatures. Many breeds were originally meant to do some kind of work. No dog breed handles being overweight well. The more weight they put on, the more it will impact their way of life.

Check your dog every once and a while to ensure that they are still a healthy weight. You should be able to feel the contour of their ribs under your palms. You shouldn’t have to push through deposits of fat to get to them. But if the ribs sharply stick out under your palms, especially if their skin is sunken between them, your dog could be too thin.

Some breeds, such as Italian Greyhounds, are much skinner naturally than Bloodhounds, for example. If you have any concerns about your dog’s weight, talk to your vet about it.

Pug Eating
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What to Do If Your Dog Isn’t Eating

There are many reasons that your dog might not want to eat. Take into account the context of their life and preferences. Is this the first time that they have done this and they normally scarf down their food in seconds? Then, it is abnormal behavior and could be a health issue.

However, many dogs simply decide that they don’t want to eat a particular food every once in a while. Check to make sure that the food doesn’t smell like it has expired. Try adding yummy extras, like wet food or mixing it with bone broth.

If they are still uninterested, mix in home-cooked options. Share meat with them or something similar that is good for a dog. Praise them whenever they do eat as they should, teaching them that it makes you happy and is the best thing to do.

You can also try feeding them at times when your family is sitting at the table eating. Some dogs have strong pack instincts and will only want to eat when the rest of their “pack” is eating, to feel like they are part of the family.

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Conclusion

When you first bring your dog into your home, no matter their age or breed, know that it will take you time to learn their preferences. Work with them to find the right kind of food and flavors that they prefer.

If they get plenty of exercise and consistently seem hungry, you might need to fluctuate the amount that they receive. After a month or two, it should stabilize, with both you and your dog getting into a routine.

thematic break

Featured Image Credit: AndrasKiss, Shutterstock