The Caucasian Mountain Dog: A Complete Guide

Last Updated:

This massive breed is highly territorial and won’t back down from a fight, even against bears or wolves.

Caucasian Mountain Dogs are intelligent, but their stubborn and independent nature can make them difficult to train.

Their natural distrust of strangers and other animals can lead to aggressive tendencies if they are not kept in check by an experienced trainer.

This breed is not a good choice for inexperienced dog owners.

Though they are fairly low-energy dogs, the sheer size of Caucasian Mountain Dogs makes them poorly suited for apartment living and homes with small children.

Still, with proper training and socialization, Caucasian Mountain Dogs can be strong watchdogs, family companions, and even therapy dogs.

While they may not appeal to first-time dog owners, Caucasian Mountain Dogs will reward experienced, patient, consistent trainers with gentle love and affection that will make them excellent lifelong family members.

Caucasian Mountain Dog Puppies – Before You Buy…

A big Caucasian Mountain Dog enjoying a hug
The Caucasian Mountain Dog is not for novice dog owners.

What Price are Caucasian Mountain Dog Puppies?

The price of Caucasian Mountain Dog puppies is usually between $1,200 and $3,000, depending on the pedigree and the breeder.

How to Find Reputable Caucasian Mountain Dog Breeders?

If you’re looking for a Caucasian Mountain Dog breeder, check your local animal welfare or rescue organizations first.

Many wonderful puppies or dogs are looking for new homes, and they may have a Caucasian Mountain Dog in their care.

If there is none available, you will need to find a reputable breeder.

It’s very important to visit the puppy in the place where it was born and meet the parent dogs to check if they’re healthy and happy.

It’s important to see if the breeder is providing a high standard of care and good living conditions for their animals.

Healthy Caucasian Mountain Dogs come from breeders who plan and aim to find good homes for every puppy they breed.

They provide a high standard of care and living conditions for all their animals and are genuinely concerned about their welfare.

Reputable breeders are open to questions and provide a complete history of the puppy. They also make sure that the puppy and potential owner suit each other.

They produce happy, healthy dogs that are free from known genetic disorders. They also provide ongoing support and information to new owners.

They provide a guarantee and references upon request. Most importantly, they meet all the legal requirements.

3 Little-Known Facts About Caucasian Mountain Dog Puppies

  1. Caucasian Mountain Dogs are also known as Caucasian Shepherd Dogs, Russian Bear Dogs, Baskhan (Karachay) Pariy, or Caucasian Ovcharka Dogs, and there are many types.
  2. Female Caucasian Mountain Dogs only give birth once a year.
  3. Caucasian Mountain Dogs are fierce guardians of their territory, but they are also low-energy dogs. They tend to gain weight so diet and exercise are important.

Physical Traits of the Caucasian Mountain Dog

A grey shaggy Caucasian Mountain Dog
The Caucasian Mountain Dog is a healthy breed.

Caucasian Mountain Dogs are heavy-set dogs, and they boast extremely weather-resistant coats.

Another striking feature of the breed is the size of their paws, which are enormous and have hair growing between the toes.

They are large, well-muscled, powerful, and athletic-looking dogs, with males being a lot heavier and larger than their female counterparts.

Both have very large and wide heads with nice and strong cheekbones.

They have a slightly defined stop, and the width of a dog’s head is accentuated by the thick hair that stands away from each side of their jaws. Females have a slightly more refined head.

Caucasian Mountain Dogs have powerful muzzles that taper gently to the nose. Their lips are tight, thick, and black.

They have a strong jaw with a perfect scissor bite where their upper teeth neatly overlap their lower ones. Their canines are long and large.

Noses are black in colour and broad, although lighter coloured dogs can have brown noses.

Their eyes are medium in size, oval-shaped, and brown, set a little obliquely and deeply under the brows.

Their ears are set high and triangular-shaped which hang neatly on their head. Their loins are short and slightly arched. Their croup is long, muscular, broad, and virtually flat.

Bellies are nicely tucked up, which adds to the Caucasian Mountain Dog’s athletic appearance.

The back legs are well-boned, strong, and muscular. Their feet are large, oval-shaped, with dewclaws on both their front and back legs.

Nails are dark, but they can be light-coloured in lighter coloured dogs, too. Their tails are set high, which dogs carry down when relaxed.

But when excited, a Caucasian Mountain Dog carries their tail higher, shaped like a sickle and level with their back.

The Caucasian Mountain Dog has a double coat. The outer coat is long and coarse, and the undercoat is dense, thick, and soft.

The hair on their muzzle, forehead, and the front of their legs is short and smooth.

However, their hair is longer on their cheeks and on the back of their heads where it stands away from the body, making them look like a bear.

Caucasian Mountain Dogs come in a variety of colours, which include white, rust, grey, fawn, cream, black and grey, black, or white, piebald, and brindle with grey markings.

How Big is a Full-Grown Caucasian Mountain Dog?

Caucasian Mountain Dogs are massive. Males tend to be a bit larger than females and weigh in at 110 to 220 pounds.

Females average around 100 to 180 pounds.

What is the Life Expectancy of the Caucasian Mountain Dog?

The life expectancy of the Caucasian Mountain Dog is 10 to 11 years.

Intelligence, Temperament and Personality Traits of the Caucasian Mountain Dog

A Caucasian Mountain Dog enjoying the forest
The Caucasian Mountain Dogs are intelligent but stubborn.

The Caucasian Mountain Dog is a loyal guardian to the core.

These dogs were bred to help shepherds in the Caucasus Mountain region keep their flocks safe from predators like wolves and bears.

Smart but stubborn, the Caucasian Mountain Dog needs an experienced owner that can handle their independent attitude with patience, kindness, and firmness.

They are not very energetic dogs, but their large size requires space, making them not suitable pets if you live in an apartment.

A yard with a solid, high fence is ideal. Although they aren’t known for barking more than most dogs, they will alert owners to any dangers, even in the middle of the night.

Caucasian Mountain Dogs make excellent family companions and should be indoors with their humans as much as possible.

They should not be chained up outside as this is a recipe for creating an aggressive, dangerous dog.

The Caucasian Mountain Dog’s Diet

Caucasian Mountain Dogs should be fed a diet formulated for a giant breed with fairly low energy levels.

You should ask your veterinarian or a professional nutritionist to help you find the right kind of food and portion size for your dog.

Their diet will change as they grow into adult dogs or when it needs to be altered because of medical requirements.

Smaller, more frequent meals may be recommended to prevent dogs from developing bloat, a life-threatening condition.

Caucasian Mountain Dogs have an excellent appetite, and they eat everything.

The correct diet of an adult Caucasian Mountain Dog must include meat, preferably at least 600 grams of raw beef per day, as well as boiled chicken, raw sea fish, and any raw or boiled vegetables.

How Much Exercise Does a Caucasian Mountain Dog Need?

Caucasian Mountain Dogs need the right amount of daily exercise and mental stimulation for them to grow up into well-rounded dogs.

This means they need to be given as much outdoor time as possible. It’s important for them to release all their energy.

Another great way of keeping the weight off these large dogs is to take them hiking, a pastime they thoroughly enjoy.

Ideally, a Caucasian Mountain Dog should be given anything from 60 to 80 minutes of exercise a day.

A shorter walk in the morning would be fine, but a longer more interesting one in the afternoon is a must. They also like to roam free on their own to let off steam.

However, the fencing must be extremely secure to keep these quick-thinking, large dogs in. If they find a weakness in the fence, they will soon escape and get into all sorts of trouble.

Caucasian Mountain Dog Health and Conditions

The Caucasian Mountain Dog is mostly considered to be a healthy breed. But like many giant breeds, they can be prone to hip dysplasia.

They may also develop cataracts. One of the most common problems they face is obesity.

Caucasian Mountain Dogs should be fed an appropriate diet for a giant breed.

However, they do not have overly high energy levels, and that should be taken into consideration as well.

Caucasian Mountain Dogs are also known to suffer from a few hereditary health issues which are worth knowing if you plan to share your home with one.

The conditions that seem to affect the breed the most include elbow dysplasia, luxating patella, and bloat or gastric torsion.

Special Treats

The Caucasian Mountain Dog certainly has a big appetite to match his or her big stature, but be careful.

These dogs don’t know when to stop when it comes to treats, and owners can likewise think these dogs need lots of treats to be satisfied.

However, these dogs put weight on easily despite their size, especially if fats or sugars are concerned – so be careful!

More and more, dog owners are turning to fresh fruit as a decent treat for a dog that doesn’t have any health drawbacks.

That said, many fruits have too much natural sugar, and grapes are outright toxic, so be careful here.

Something like a couple of cubes of watermelon to encourage good behaviour, or chunks of a frozen banana to help your giant friend cool down on those hot summer days in the park, are always much appreciated.

Keep in mind that this dog breed, like many giant dog breeds, is pretty susceptible to bloat.

This means that any treats you add to his or her diet need meals to perhaps be a touch smaller to compensate, to keep calorie levels consistent.

Other ideal treats for the Caucasian Mountain Dog are strips of cooked beef or chicken leftovers.

Think again if adding sugar to anything you feed your dog – a touch of honey is a more healthy and natural alternative, although even this can be harmful in large doses also.

Some honey dipped almonds can be a good compromise here.

My Final Thoughts on the Caucasian Mountain Dog

The Caucasian Mountain Dog walking through snow

The Caucasian Mountain Dog is not for novice dog owners.

While they can be wonderful and loyal dogs, they are also naturally distrustful of strangers.

Overall, they are low energy and laidback dogs that are also very territorial.

They never back down from a fight, even if it means taking on an animal much bigger than them!

Although Caucasian Mountain Dogs are intelligent, they can also be quite stubborn, which may make training difficult.

They need firm boundaries, patience, and consistency.

This training should begin as early in life as possible, and socialization is practically a must.

Proper socialization training needs to be done to overcome the breed’s apprehension around new people and animals, which can result in aggression.

However, with humans they are familiar with, the Caucasian Mountain Dog is quite loving and loyal and will make for a lifelong guardian and protector.

Image Sources: 1, 2, 3