Best Vet Recommended Dog Food 2020 – Reviews & Top Picks

English Bulldog eating

The Vet’s Approach to Diet

As a veterinarian, discussing diets is a huge part of my job, but people often like to say that vets don’t get taught nutrition. You’ll be pleased to hear this isn’t true – I had about 75 hours of formal nutrition teaching at university, as well as the reading and continuing education I’ve undertaken since. In other words – I probably know more than Bobby Bloggs at the pet store, so it’s worth hearing what I have to say.

In this article, I’m going to look at some dog food reviews and come up with my favorite dog diets – and explain the process I went through in the Buyer’s Guide, below.

Wet vs Dry

You can feed your dog either canned dog food or dry dog food, depending on your individual pet, their preferences, and their needs. It’s a lot more common to feed dogs dry food because it’s a lot cheaper – you aren’t paying for water. And unlike cats, dogs can cope fine on a dry diet. I personally like to feed my dog dry food, but I keep some wet handy for when I want to stuff a food toy for her.

Food Brands to Avoid

Try to choose brands that employ a veterinary nutritionist and do feeding trials on their foods. You should also be aware that ‘boutique’ brands have recently been implicated in a heart disease outbreak – whilst we aren’t sure why these brands were over-represented, it seems clear that sticking to the well-known brands is a good idea for now.
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The Best Vet Recommended Wet Dog Foods:

A Quick Comparison of Our Favorites

Image Product Details
Best Overall
Winner
Purina Pro Plan Savor Adult Classic Purina Pro Plan Savor Adult Classic
  • Complete and balanced
  • Cheaper than competitors
  • Best for Weight Loss
    Second place
    Hill’s Prescription Diet Metabolic Hill’s Prescription Diet Metabolic
  • High in fiber from mixed sources
  • Kickstarts your dog’s weight loss
  • Suitable to prevent weight gain post-diet
  • Best for Urinary Health
    Third place
    Royal Canin Urinary SO Royal Canin Urinary SO
  • Dissolves some crystals and stones
  • Prevents growth of some crystals and stones
  • Creates dilute urine
  • Best for Weight Gain
    Purina Pro Plan Focus Puppy Classic Purina Pro Plan Focus Puppy Classic
  • 477 calories per can
  • Highly palatable
  • Contains real chicken
  • Best for Sensitive Stomachs
    Hill’s Prescription Diet i/d Hill’s Prescription Diet i/d
  • Gentle on stomach
  • Suitable for growing puppies and adults
  • High in fiber
  • The Best Vet Recommended Wet Dog Foods – Reviews

    1. Purina Pro Plan Savor Adult Classic– Best Overall

    1Purina Pro Plan Savor Adult Classic Beef & Rice Entree Canned Dog Food

    The best thing about the Purina Pro Plan Savor range is that they have many flavors suitable for many life-stages and sizes of dog. But this ‘classic’ recipe is perfect for most dogs, and the reviews agree. I love the fact that Purina is more affordable than Hill’s or Royal Canin, but they still undertake feeding trials and employ veterinary nutritionists to formulate their food. The thought that goes into creating every recipe is clear, and that’s so true of this diet.

    The Savor Adult Classic range has real meat as the first ingredient, but also includes grain as an energy source. I also love the fact that this diet texture is ground, meaning that picky animals can’t leave the bits they don’t like and upset their dietary balance.

    Pros
    • Complete and balanced
    • Cheaper than competitors
    Cons
    • None

    2. Hill’s Prescription Diet Metabolic – Best for Weight Loss

    2Hill's Prescription Diet Metabolic Weight Management Vegetable & Chicken Stew Canned Dog Food

    If your dog is overweight or obese, I recommend using a prescription veterinary diet as the quickest and safest way to get them back to an appropriate weight. Whilst prescription diets like this one are more expensive, they are proven to work – in fact, Hill’s state that 88% of dogs lost weight in 2 months when fed metabolic. Hill’s Metabolic is one of the best weight loss foods out there. Not only does it contain high fiber for satiety, it also contains ingredients designed to kick-start your dog’s weight loss. It’s also low in calories so that you can feed as much or more than your dog’s previous food – meaning your dog doesn’t look at you in shock when you give them their portion! It can also be fed once an ideal weight has been reached to prevent weight gain.

    Of course, feeding the appropriate number of calories and reducing calories from treats is an important part of weight loss in pets, and talking to your veterinarian or vet tech about your pet’s weight loss enables them to make you a custom calorie plan.

    Pros
    • High in fiber from mixed sources
    • Kickstarts your dog’s weight loss
    • Suitable to prevent weight gain post-diet
    Cons
    • More expensive than other brands

    3. Royal Canin Urinary SO – Best for Urinary Health

    3Royal Canin Veterinary Diet Urinary SO Moderate Calorie Thin Slices in Gravy Canned Dog Food

    If your dog suffers from urinary problems, the Royal Canin Urinary SO food comes as one of the highest-rated dog foods by both owners and vets. It works to dissolve urinary crystals and prevent them from forming by creating a urine environment that restricts their growth. With low magnesium content, your dog will be less prone to both struvite and calcium oxalate stones. It also encourages the dilution of the urine, therefore working to dissolve crystals and flush the urinary system free of problems. It’s complete, balanced, and safe to feed to adult dogs for life.

    The only problem with this food is the calorie content. At 478 kcal/can, a 20-pound dog only gets a can a day. Luckily, Royal Canin make a moderate calorie version of this diet that is perfect for keeping your dog at a healthy weight whilst enabling them to feel full.

    Pros
    • Dissolves some crystals and stones
    • Prevents growth of some crystals and stones
    • Creates dilute urine
    Cons
    • High in calories, but moderate calorie version available

    4. Purina Pro Plan Focus Puppy Classic – Best for Weight Gain

    4Purina Pro Plan Focus Puppy Classic Chicken & Rice Entree Canned Dog Food

    Feeding a puppy food to an adult dog isn’t ideal long term, but when you need to encourage weight gain, the high calories and high protein are ideal. This diet stands out for several reasons. It’s nutrient-rich and easily digestible thanks to chicken being the main ingredient. The pate texture means it’s perfect for picky eaters or those recovering from surgery. And one of the best things about Purina Pro Plan is that it’s been thoroughly tested by a top-quality company that employs veterinary nutritionists – so it’s scientifically-approved. It’s also extremely palatable, which makes it perfect for giving alongside your dog’s normal diet to increase weight gain.

    However, I would caution that if you don’t know the reason for your dog’s weight loss, feeding them this food could potentially be harmful, as the high protein content may cause diarrhea or complicate renal failure. Instead, you should book a visit with your veterinarian to investigate further. And remember that over 50% of pets are obese – so if you aren’t sure whether your pet’s weight is normal or not, asking a vet for advice is a good idea.

    Pros
    • 477 calories per can
    • Highly palatable
    • Contains real chicken
    • Formulated by top nutritionists
    Cons
    • Protein content may be too high for some dogs

    5. Hill’s Prescription Diet i/d – Best for Sensitive Stomachs

    5Hill's Prescription Diet id Digestive Care Low Fat Original Flavor Pate Canned Dog Food

    Hill’s i/d is one of the top leading diets for dogs with acute and chronic gastrointestinal problems. Veterinary clinics everywhere use this food as a post-surgery diet, because it’s easy to digest and sensitive on the guts. In other words, post-surgical explosion is rare! I so rarely get reactions to this food, it’s my standard go-to for any dog that I don’t know.

    If your dog does have a sensitive stomach, it has some great gut-saving benefits. This diet is high in soluble and insoluble fiber from mixed sources, which makes it ideal for gut health. This fiber can correct acute and chronic diarrhea by absorbing excess water and acting as a probiotic for the good gut bacteria. It also contains added B-vitamins to replenish those lost when an animal suffers diarrhea. Both the protein and fat are from easily digestible sources, allowing your dog to get the nutrients he needs, easily.

    Pros
    • Gentle on stomach
    • Suitable for growing puppies and adults
    • High in fiber
    Cons
    • Quite high in fat – low fat version available

    6. Hill’s Science Diet Puppy – Best for Puppies

    6Hill's Science Diet Puppy Chicken & Barley Entree Canned Dog Food

    When it comes to feeding puppies, I choose Hill’s for my dogs. They love the flavor, and I love the fact that Hill’s employs veterinary nutritionists to formulate their diets. They’re constantly testing, researching, and upgrading their diets so you know your puppy is getting the best nutrition. They choose high-quality protein but carefully balance the calcium and phosphorus so that your dog gets exactly what they need to grow well.

    Hill’s also advise that this food is suitable for all breeds, which is great if you aren’t sure what your mix is – although if you have a very large breed, I would look to a giant breed puppy food to avoid problems with growth. My only bugbear with this diet is that they don’t offer more flavors, as I believe puppyhood is a time for exploring and trying new things.

    Pros
    • High quality protein
    • Balanced for ideal growth rates
    • Suitable for all breeds
    Cons
    • Few flavor options
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    The Best Vet Recommended Dry Dog Foods:

    A Quick Comparison of Our Favorites

    Image Product Details
    Best Overall
    Winner
    Purina Pro Plan Savor Adult Purina Pro Plan Savor Adult
  • Very palatable
  • Helps to maintain ideal weight
  • High in protein
  • Best for Weight Loss
    Second place
    Hill’s Prescription Diet Metabolic + Mobility Hill’s Prescription Diet Metabolic + Mobility
  • Increases metabolism
  • Contains ingredients to support joints
  • Fiber to help your dog feel full
  • Best for Urinary Health
    Third place
    Hill’s Prescription Diet c/d Hill’s Prescription Diet c/d
  • Low magnesium, calcium and phosphorus
  • Low fat
  • Safe for long term use
  • Best for Weight Gain
    Purina Pro Plan Sport Purina Pro Plan Sport
  • High calorie for weight gain
  • 30% protein, 20% fat
  • Suitable for growing puppies
  • Best for Sensitive Stomachs
    Hill’s Prescription Diet i/d Hill’s Prescription Diet i/d
  • Improves stool quality
  • Highly digestible ingredients
  • Suitable for puppies
  • The Best Vet Recommended Dry Dog Foods – Reviews

    1. Purina Pro Plan Savor Adult – Best Overall

    1Purina Pro Plan Adult Weight Management Shredded Blend Chicken & Rice Formula

    Every dog is special, but if your dog doesn’t have any dietary requirements then this diet from Purina Pro Plan is perfect for adult dogs. The kibble is mixed with tender meaty pieces and it’s clear this is a strategy that’s loved by dogs.

    I love the fact that this food is designed for weight management. Most owners don’t realize that their dogs are overweight – but with an estimated 50% of overweight dogs, there is a high chance your pooch needs to lose a few pounds. This formula has 25% less fat to reduce calories, and plenty of fiber to help your overweight dog feel fuller at mealtimes. The high-quality protein comes from chicken, and there’s enough of it to keep your dog full and stop them from losing muscle when they lose weight.

    Purina have also been really proactive with this diet, adding sources of glucosamine to protect your dog’s joints and probiotics for healthy digestion.

    All in all, this dry dog food diet is one of the best you can find, and the great news is that you can have veterinary-quality nutrition without the price tag!

    Pros
    • Very palatable
    • Helps to maintain ideal weight
    • High in protein
    Cons
    • None

    2. Hill’s Prescription Diet Metabolic + Mobility – Best for Weight Loss

    2Hill's Prescription Diet Metabolic + Mobility Weight & Joint Care Chicken Flavor Dry Dog Food

    If your dog needs to lose weight, a veterinary prescription diet is the best way to do it. Simply feeding less of your dog’s usual diet can result in them not getting enough vitamins and minerals. I tend to recommend Purina Pro Plan, as it is clinically proven to encourage safe weight loss.

    Hill’s has now brought out this combination of their j/d (joint diet) and their metabolic (weight loss) diet. This is ideal, as obesity and arthritis often go hand in hand; and once you have an arthritic dog, getting enough exercise for them to lose weight can be tricky.

    This diet contains high fiber to encourage your pet to feel fuller for longer. It also contains ingredients to boost your dog’s metabolism and weight loss. The omega-3 fatty acids, glucosamine and chondroitin support joint health to protect your dog from the consequences of obesity, as well as help them exercise off their weight.

    Lastly, I love that this food has very clear instructions for feeding amounts, with information for weight loss and maintenance once ideal weight has been reached. The feeding guide might look complicated, but it allows you to adjust your dog’s diet to help them lose weight.

    Pros
    • Increases metabolism
    • Contains ingredients to support joints
    • Fiber to help your dog feel full
    • Clear feeding instructions
    Cons
    • Requires veterinary authorization

    3. Hill’s Prescription Diet c/d – Best for Urinary Health

    3Hill's Prescription Diet cd Multicare Urinary Care Chicken Flavor Dry Dog Food

    Dogs that are prone to getting crystals in their urine often need dietary support. This prescription diet from Purina Pro Plan is my go-to when trying to dissolve most bladder stones and prevent them from recurring. It contains low levels of magnesium and phosphorus, and balanced calcium – all major ingredients of common crystals. Reducing these levels should help to stop crystals forming in your dog’s urinary tract.

    I find that Hill’s foods are generally well-tolerated by pets, and although this looks ‘boring’ to our human eyes, dogs don’t seem to mind! I would warn, though, that very small dogs may struggle with the kibble size. It’s also worth bearing in mind that, due to its powerful effects, this product requires veterinary authorization. If your vet has not recommended a urinary diet for your dog, you should not feed this diet.

    Pros
    • Low magnesium, calcium and phosphorus
    • Low fat
    • Safe for long term use
    Cons
    • Expensive
    • Requires veterinary authorization

    4. Purina Pro Plan Sport– Best for Weight Gain

    4Purina Pro Plan All Life Stages Performance 3020 Salmon & Rice Formula Dry Dog Food

    At 496 kcal/cup, this diet contains a huge number of calories in a small portion. It’s designed for working dogs and athletes that have high energy demands, but it can be useful for getting dogs to gain weight. It contains high protein and high levels of fat to not only provide important calories but also to help build muscle and strength. The team at Purina Pro Plan have also packed this diet with extra vitamins, minerals, and omega-3 fatty acids to ensure a fit and healthy pup.

    Please bear in mind that the reason for your dog’s weight loss is important, and this diet may not be suitable for all dogs with weight loss. In addition, many dogs are overweight to the point that obesity has been normalized – so please check with a veterinarian whether they think your dog is underweight before trying to feed him up.

    Pros
    • High calorie for weight gain
    • 30% protein, 20% fat
    • Suitable for growing puppies
    Cons
    • High fat content may cause diarrhea
    • Not suitable for dogs with kidney disease

    5. Hill’s Prescription Diet i/d – Best for Sensitive Stomachs

    5Hill's Prescription Diet id Digestive Care Chicken Flavor Dry Dog Food

    When it comes to dry diets, Purina Pro Plan win the competition for best food for sensitive stomachs again! This food comes highly rated by veterinarians and pet owners alike. The ingredients are easily digestible, which improves stool quality and allows increased nutrient absorption. They’ve also increased the fiber content of this food to feed good gut bacteria, slow the movement of food through the gut, absorb excess water, and improve stool quality. They’ve also added extra B vitamins, as dogs with diarrhea can struggle to absorb these – so by giving them extra you’re maximizing the chance that they get everything they need.

     

    Whilst Hill’s i/d is a bit more expensive than similar offerings from other brands, they have clinically proven that their diet can help to settle a digestive upset in as little as three days.  It’s also suitable for puppies! The main problem with this diet is that you need veterinary authorization to buy it for your pet – however, it’s easy to do and most vets will not hesitate to recommend Hill’s i/d if you have a dog with a sensitive stomach.

    Pros
    • Improves stool quality
    • Highly digestible ingredients
    • Suitable for puppies
    • Clinically proven
    Cons
    • Price
    • Requires veterinary authorization

    6. Purina Pro Plan Focus Puppy – Best for Puppies

    6Purina Pro Plan Puppy Chicken & Rice Formula Dry Dog Food

    Once again, for puppies with no other dietary needs I reach for Purina Pro Plan. They’ve created a diet that has been formulated by veterinary nutritionists and tested in feeding trials, but doesn’t break the bank.

    Puppies need higher protein than adults, and more calcium – but not too much. Recently it’s been discovered that DHA is also essential to puppy development. This product has several flavors in the range, but all boast extra DHA for brain and eye development, and balanced calcium and phosphorus to help your puppy’s bones grow normally. As with all Purina Pro Plan formulas, this product is also high in protein for muscle development, and they’ve chosen high-quality protein sources. This diet is even baked into small pieces of kibble for little mouths.

    Pros
    • Balanced calcium and phosphorus
    • Added DHA
    • High protein
    • Small kibble
    Cons
    • None

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    Best Dog Foods for Other Health/Lifestyle Needs:

    1. Purina Pro Plan Savor Large Breed – Best for Larger or Active Dogs

    1Purina Pro Plan Savor Adult Shredded Blend with Probiotics Large Breed Formula Dry Dog Food

    Since the Savor Shredded Blend was my choice for best overall, it’s possibly not surprising that I love the Purina Pro Plan Shredded Blend Large Breed formula too. Once again, Purina have really considered the difficulties that come with large breed dogs; they’ve kept all the great benefits of their normal range, including high protein, probiotics and prebiotics. Since large dogs commonly suffer with joint problems, they’ve also added EPA and glucosamine for joint health, ensuring your dog gets joint protection from early adulthood. Despite coming in a fairly large bag, owners of giant breeds might want to be careful – this bag will still only last a 100-pound dog around a month.

    Pros
    • High protein
    • Added EPA and glucosamine
    • Includes both probiotics and prebiotics
    Cons
    • None

    2. Purina Pro Plan Weight Management – Best for Apartment Breeds

    2Purina Pro Plan Weight Management Chicken Adult Small Breed Formula Dry Dog Food

    For dogs who spend a lot of time indoors, weight gain is highly likely. That’s why I generally recommend that dogs living in an apartment are fed weight management food. This food from Purina combines the benefits of a low-calorie diet with high protein to keep your dog lean and healthy. I’ve also chosen a small-breed formula, as these dogs are most suited to apartments, but if you’ve got a larger breed Purina make this in a variety of breed sizes. Palatability is high with shredded chicken as well as crunchy kibble – and this should provide some interest to your indoor dogs, too!

    My main worry with this diet is that, unlike Hill’s and Royal Canin, it doesn’t claim any dental benefits to help look after the teeth of your smaller-breed dogs. However, brushing your dog’s teeth is more effective than a diet anyway, and the price makes it a clear winner for me!

    Top Tip: To keep your dog mentally active when they live an apartment lifestyle, consider enrichment feeding using food toys and slow feeders.

    Pros
    • Low fat
    • High protein
    • Shredded pieces mixed through
    Cons
    • No specific dental benefits

    3. Purina Pro Plan Bright Mind – Best for Older Dogs

    3Purina Pro Plan Bright Mind Adult 7+ Chicken & Rice Formula Dry Dog Food

    Older dogs can suffer from a variety of health issues that are more common in old age, and it may be necessary for your veterinarian to put your dog onto a diet to support their joints or help to manage kidney failure. But if your dog simply needs a little helping hand rather than a prescription-level diet, I like the Purina Pro Plan Bright Mind diet. Cognitive dysfunction (or ‘doggy dementia’) is incredibly common and hugely underdiagnosed. Diets high in fatty acids, vitamin E and selenium are often helpful in managing the symptoms and slowing the onset of old age.

    This diet contains high-quality protein to maintain muscle mass in senior dogs, as well as the joint-support ingredients glucosamine and EPA to keep your dog’s joints young. Most importantly, the botanical oils have been shown to decrease signs of cognitive dysfunction in just 30 days. It also tends to be cheaper than the alternative diets by competitor brands! The only problem with this diet is that it can be a bit unpalatable for the pickiest dogs. If you have a picky dog, it would be worth getting a small bag or trying some from a friend before you commit.

    Pros
    • EPA and glucosamine for joints
    • High-quality protein
    • Vitamin E and selenium
    • Cheaper than alternatives
    Cons
    • Picky dogs may not eat it

    4. Hill’s Prescription Diet t/d – Best for Dogs with Dental Disease

    4Hill's Prescription Diet td Dental Care Chicken Flavor Dry Dog Food

    Dental disease is becoming increasingly common in our dogs, affecting over half the general population. All breeds are susceptible to dental disease, and it becomes more common as they age. Whilst tooth brushing is the best thing you can do to prevent dental disease in your dog, some diets are a great way of helping them shift plaque and tartar.

    My favorite diet to help prevent dental disease is Hill’s t/d. They’ve had the Purina Pro Plan seal of approval since 1998 – longer than any other diet on the market – and it’s been shown to prevent both plaque buildup, and tartar. Not only are the kibbles designed to break and scrape the teeth clean, the fiber matrix works like a cleaning brush. Unlike many dental care options out there, this diet is complete and balanced and can be fed to your dog instead of their usual food – even if they’ve had dental extractions in the past.

    Like many of the best diets from Hill’s, this diet needs veterinary authorization. The great news is that it’s not hard to get, and your vet will likely be more than happy that you’re taking your dog’s dental health so seriously!

    Pros
    • Complete and balanced
    • Proven to reduce plaque and tartar
    • VOHC seal of approval
    Cons
    • Requires veterinary authorisation

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    Buyer’s Guide

    What Sort of Food Is Best for My Dog?

    Deciding what sort of dog food to feed your dog can be a difficult decision. First, you should consider their age – puppies should have puppy food, and adults should have adult food. Although not essential, switching to a senior diet as your dog ages will closer match their nutritional needs than an adult diet.

    Next, you should consider their breed and size. Size-specific nutrition is more important than breed-specific nutrition. Very large and giant breeds can easily get congenital problems if they grow too fast – feeding a giant breed puppy food is highly recommended. They also age faster than mid-sized dogs, so switching to a senior diet will need to be done sooner.

    Small dogs can struggle with large kibble, so if your dog is 15 pounds or less you might want to consider choosing a small breed food. They are also more prone to dental disease, so considering a food with dental care like the Hill’s Science Diet Oral Care range is sensible.

    Why Have You Chosen Foods from These Brands?

    There is a lot of controversy over brands at the moment. Smaller start-up brands ploughed a lot of money into marketing that suggested their products were superior, and they were very persuasive.

    However, vets are continuing to recommend brands that can answer the questions set by the World Small Animal Veterinary Association (WSAVA). These include whether they hire a veterinary nutritionist, and whether they test their diets clinically or just formulate them with a computer. The WSAVA guidelines can be found here. And the Pet Nutrition Alliance took it upon themselves to contact the food companies and ask some of these questions. The results can be found here.

    As you can see, many companies refused to answer the questions or weren’t able to discuss the results of their guaranteed analysis. Only four companies employ a full time American College of Veterinary Nutrition diplomat: Hill’s, Royal Canin, Purina, and Mars.

    Why Have You Not Included Grain-Free Foods?

    At the moment, grain-free foods are not being recommended by the majority of vets. This is for several reasons. Firstly, grain-free dog foods have been implicated in causing severe and fatal heart disease in dogs in the USA.

    We don’t yet know exactly what about the grain-free foods caused these problems, and other dietary factors were also noted, such as the high incidence of peas in these diets and the fact that many of them were small, ‘boutique’ diets or had ‘exotic’ meats. So, it might not be the grain-free nature of these foods, but until we know more it’s safest to avoid them.

    Secondly, the benefits of grain free foods have not been proven. People recommending them often refer to the biology and diet of dog’s closest living relatives – the wolf – to explain that dogs shouldn’t eat grain, but dogs are not wolves and have genes for the digestion of starch found in grains. In other words, grains can provide a useful energy source for dogs. And grain allergies are rare in dogs – most improvements in skin or diarrhea when switching to grain-free is actually because a different protein source has been used.

    So, if grains can be digested, rarely cause reactions, and taking them away might be causing severe disease – it’s not hard to see why I’ve only recommended grain-free diets.

    What Are By-Products in Dog Food? Are They Bad?

    When a pet food contains ‘by-products’, people often turn their nose up at it. But ‘by-products’ just means the bits of an animal that weren’t going to be sold to the human food chain. This doesn’t mean they’re bad – in fact, many of these things are human delicacies in other countries, but our western tastes don’t like them. By-products often contain organ meat, which is nutritionally better than muscle meat in many cases. Again, some clever marketing by some companies has turned ‘by-products’ into something bad – they themselves use by-products, but they give them different names such as ‘heart’ or ‘liver’.

    White Dog Eating
    Image credit: manushot, Shutterstock

    You may be thinking that knowing exactly what is in your pet’s food is better, and avoiding the generic term ‘by-products’ means that your dog is less likely to be being fed hooves, hide trimmings, or whatever was left on the floor after the slaughterhouse finishes for the day. The good news is that ‘by-products’ is actually a legally-defined term, and it specifically excludes things like hair, hooves and intestinal contents – so don’t believe everything you hear.

    If you want to read more about by-products, there’s a great blog about it over at Tufts.

    Dog Food Ingredient Labels: What Should I Know?

    When it comes to picking dog food, you don’t have a lot to go on. Sure, you have online reviews, but actually it’s probably not surprising that most people judge their pet food by the label. Manufacturers know this and have been using it to sell their products. Take the ingredients list – many people think a protein source should be the first ingredient on the list, as this means there’s lots of it. But there’s no way to tell how good quality the protein is, so having more of it is not necessarily a good thing.

    Another common thing to find on the ingredients list is some exciting-sounding fruits and vegetables. However, these are often in such tiny quantities that they’re not really adding any nutrition – which means their only purpose is to make the product look better. After all, who doesn’t want to think their dog is getting blueberries, goji berries, and green tea extract – it sounds delicious! It’s easy to be taken in by a diet that claims to be more natural, has whole-prey or uses exotic vegetables, but try to remember that your dog needs nutrients, not ingredients.

    For more information on dog food labels, what to avoid and what to look for, this blog from Tufts is a great resource.

    How Much Food Should I Feed My Dog?

    Feeding your dog the correct amount for their weight, body condition, activity level and life-stage is essential. Around 50% of dogs in the US are thought to be overweight or obese, and understanding canine nutrition is one of the most important ways we can reduce this. The problem is that every dog is slightly different, and there’s no easy way to work out how much your dog should eat. That’s why I generally recommend that pet parents ask for a weight consultation with their veterinary clinic. These are usually run free-of-charge by a vet tech, who will weigh your pet and feel them, explain their body condition (how much excess fat they have) and even calculate a calorie allowance. Alternatively, the Pet Nutrition Alliance has a great calculator you can use.

    Don’t forget that if you’re feeding wet and dry food, the daily calorie allowance needs to be split between these. And any treats need to come out of the daily allowance, too.

    Is It Ok to Mix Wet and Dry Dog Foods?

    It’s absolutely fine to mix wet and dry dog foods, whether by feeding them alternately, offering both, or mixing the two together. Just remember to make sure that both are complete and balanced, and that you make sure to account for both in your dog’s calories. Feeding the amount of dry food the bag suggests but then feeding a bit of wet on top is one of the most common reasons for dogs to be overweight.

    Chihuahua dog eat feed_tanyastock_shutterstock
    Credit: Tanyastock, Shutterstock

    How Long Does Wet Dog Food Last if It’s Not Opened?

    Wet dog food in a can or pack normally has a life of a year, sometimes more. But this clock starts ticking as soon as the food is packaged, and it may be in storage for several months. All food will have a ‘best before’ or ‘use by’ date – check your tins or packs carefully to find it.

    How Long Can Wet Food Remain in The Bowl?

    Depending on the temperature in your house, your wet dog food shouldn’t be left in the bowl for more than a few hours. Wet dog food is prone to spoiling quickly, and toxins created by bacteria or mold growing on the food can cause severe illness in dogs.

    How Long Does Canned Food Last Once It’s Open?

    Canned food that is not immediately used should be covered and refrigerated. Silicone can covers are available to fit most sizes of cans. The food should be safe for 24-48 hours, and this will normally be advised on the side of the can.

    What if My Dog Stops Eating a Certain Type of Food?

    It’s much less common for dogs to give up on their food than it is for cats, but it does sometimes happen. Small dogs, in particular, can be fussy and may self-regulate their food intake by picking at their meal throughout the day, or even leaving a meal overnight and coming back to it in the morning. It can be normal, but if this is unusual for your dog, it’s probably worth offering them something else in the first instance – just to see if they’re off all food, or just this one.

    If they have a good appetite, but are just being fussy, I generally advise taking their food up for a few hours, then putting it down later. Most dogs will then eat it. Try not to get in the habit of giving your dog treats and human food if they don’t eat their dinner, as they’ll quickly learn to get picky with their food. If it is a hard food they suddenly don’t want to eat, but wet food is fine, consider whether their teeth could be sore – your veterinarian will be able to take a look for you.

    Divider 2Conclusion

    So that’s it – that’s what a vet thinks about dog diets. If you have a healthy adult dog, you can feed them wet food, dry food, or a mixture of both. The Purina Pro Plan Savor Classic range is my go-to dog food, coming top in both the wet and dry reviews. If your dog has a health condition, or is a giant breed or a small breed, there are lots of options for you.

    Dog food is a minefield. Between the marketing companies, the online reviews, the Facebook groups, the news, and the opinions of family and friends, it can be very difficult to find the best dog food for your dog. I hope we’ve made it a little easier for you to decide what to feed your dog, but if you have any further questions, I urge you to contact your veterinary clinic, who will have someone qualified to advise you.


    Featured Image Credit: New Africa, Shutterstock

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