The American Eskimo Dog: A Complete Guide

Last Updated:

The American Eskimo Dog is outgoing and friendly with family and friends but reserved with strangers.

Not only does the American Eskimo Dog have a winning look. He’s also got a winning personality. He’s spunky and clever. He loves to play and participating in vigorous exercise.

Because he is naturally suspicious of strangers, he makes an excellent watchdog. American Eskimo Dogs must have regular opportunities to vent their energy and use their busy minds.

Otherwise, they can be rambunctious and bored, which usually leads to barking and chewing. An American Eskimo Dog that is idle or bored can turn your home or garden upside down.

He’s strong-willed and needs a confident owner who can take charge of teaching and leading him. He learns quickly, however, so training is fun and highly successful.

Don’t leave this breed alone too much. He loves being part of a family and can suffer from separation anxiety if left alone for long periods.

When you are away from home, it is wise to leave your American Eskimo Dog in a crate or kennel, with sturdy chew toys, to keep him occupied and out of trouble until you return home.

American Eskimo Puppies – Before You Buy…

A small white American Eskimo Dog
The American Eskimo Dog is intelligent and easy to train.

What Price are American Eskimo Puppies?

The price of American Eskimo puppies is anywhere between $600 to $1,200.

How to Find Reputable American Eskimo Dog Breeders?

When you’re planning on getting a puppy, you must get one from a reputable breeder.

These breeders will answer all your questions about the puppies and parent dogs. They will also keep the puppies as their own if they cannot place them.

Good breeders allow the dogs to recover sufficiently from one breeding before doing another. They breed dogs because they admire their breed and want to contribute to its betterment.

They guarantee puppies that are free of genetic diseases common in their breed and replace them if the disease should crop up.

They consider the puppies they produce to be their responsibility throughout the puppy’s life, and they follow up frequently to see what’s going on.

Kennel clubs in your local area are good sources of information on where you can find a good breeder. Obedience training clubs in your area also offer promising leads.

Veterinarians, groomers, boarding kennel operators, and pet supply outlets may also be good sources.

3 Little-Known Facts About American Eskimo Puppies

  1. The American Eskimo dog originated from European Spitz dogs and is related to the Italian Spitz, German Spitz, Pomeranian, and Keeshond.
  2. Small white dogs were usually found in communities of German immigrants in the 19th century. They most likely immigrated with their owners and became later known as the American Spitz.
  3. The name was changed from American Spitz to American Eskimo dog in the early 1900s.

Physical Traits of the American Eskimo Dog

A American Eskimo Dog with a leaf on its face
The American Eskimo is good with children and other dogs.

The American Eskimo dog is a small to a medium dog that looks a lot like a miniature Samoyed. The ears are triangular, and the lips, nose, and eye rims are black.

The double coat is straight and white or has cream-colored markings. The hair on the outer coat stands out away from the body. He has a plumed tail that curls at the back.

The coat is heavy around the neck and looks like a mane, which is more pronounced in males.

This dog sheds regularly. He needs to be brushed every day, especially during shedding season and bathed occasionally.

His teeth should be brushed, and his ears should be cleaned regularly. The nails should also be clipped at a comfortable length.

The tear duct drainage from the eyes can cause staining, so make sure to clean them regularly.

How Big is a Full-Grown American Eskimo Dog?

The American Eskimo Dog comes in three sizes: toy, miniature, and standard. Toys stand at 9 to 12 inches and weigh approximately 10 pounds.

Miniatures stand at 12 to 15 inches and weigh about 20 pounds. Standards stand at 15 to 19 inches and weigh about 30 pounds.

What is the Life Expectancy of the American Eskimo Dog?

The life expectancy of the American Eskimo Dog is anywhere between 12 to 15 years.

Intelligence, Temperament and Personality Traits of the American Eskimo Dog

The American Eskimo Dog is a devoted family member who loves being right in the middle of family activities.

He is cheerful, affectionate, sometimes rowdy, and very smart. He is so smart he’s thought to be one of the most intelligent dog breeds.

He’s an independent thinker. He is curious, with an uncanny ability to solve problems.

He’s great with activities that are mentally stimulating and challenging, like conformation, agility, tricks, training, and other dog sports.

However, with intelligence comes independence. The American Eskimo Dog is a freethinker and those who know him recommend obedience training starting from puppyhood.

Despite his small size, the American Eskimo Dog thinks big.

He’s an excellent watchdog that will announce the arrival or departure of strangers with loud barking. In fact, he can become a problem barker if left alone too long.

Although he’ll warm up in time to those he doesn’t know, his first instinct is to be suspicious.

The American Eskimo Dog takes his watchdog duties very seriously, though he isn’t overly aggressive.

If you want a dog that has a lot to say, the American Eskimo Dog might just be the dog for you.

He’s known for being very vocal, barking, yowling, and even mumbling. Many American Eskimo dog owners claim that they can “talk” to them.

If he isn’t talking, he might be chewing. Most are avid chewers and need a constant supply of chew toys to keep them from munching household items.

The friendly American Eskimo Dog is excellent with other dogs, cats, and children.

Younger American Eskimo Dogs like to be busy. Older ones often become more sedate, preferring being petted and cuddled to running around.

Many owners keep more than one American Eskimo Dog so that they can keep each other entertained, though lone American Eskimos do very well in busy households.

They make excellent apartment dogs, as long as they are walked regularly and given plenty of opportunities for exercise.

The American Eskimo Dog makes an excellent companion for singles or a large family. A well-trained American Eskimo Dog gives his family years of fun and joy.

The American Eskimo Dog’s Diet

An American Eskimo Dog sitting in the snow
The American Eskimo Dog loves to play and participate in vigorous exercise.

The American Eskimo is highly active. There needs to be a certain number of calories in their diet for them to stay healthy.

Feed him with the correct balance of protein, carbohydrates, and fatty acids. The correct blend of vitamins and minerals is also essential to pet health.

An imbalance in any one of these elements can lead to skin problems, ear infections, and even problems with internal organs in worst-case scenarios.

Treats that mimic foods found in the breed’s natural geographical origin and are easily digested are often the best bet.

A high-calorie diet gives plenty of fuel for this active breed, but a correct blend of vitamins and minerals is also required to support the heavy coat.

As dogs begin to age and become less active, their calorie intake should also go down.

Overfeeding inevitably leads to weight gain, causing undue stress on knee joints and hips. It can also cause pancreatitis.

Small pups need a healthy specialized diet that will support their rapid bone and brain development. As is common with many breeds, owners like to give their pet a special treat of table scraps.

While this seems to be a simple way to show a pet attention, it can also be a lethal mistake that ends in tragedy. A small treat once in a while may not harm most dogs.

However, with consistent table scrap feedings, smaller breeds have been known to build up toxicity over time that ends up harming internal organs, such as the liver and kidneys.

Poor nutrition is often the heart of many health conditions for the American Eskimo Dog. A dog’s system is meant for a certain type of diet that will support their various unique systems.

Owners who choose to ignore this fact can cause their American Eskimo Dog undue pain and suffering.

How Much Exercise Does an American Eskimo Dog Need?

Long walks daily are required for this energetic breed to expel energy. They are also very active inside the home.

A small yard would be appreciated but is not necessary because American Eskimo Dogs do well in apartments.

American Eskimo Dog Health and Conditions

The American Eskimo dog is a fairly healthy dog breed. Some health concerns include allergies, progressive retinal atrophy, hip dysplasia, and obesity.

Maintain a consistent amount of food and regulate his feeding times to avoid obesity.

My Final Thoughts on the American Eskimo DogThe American Eskimo Dog looking to the side

The American Eskimo Dog is intelligent and easy to train. They excel at obedience and enjoy having a job to do.

They are also playful, affectionate, devoted, friendly, and alert.

They are eager to please and can be excellent guards and watchdogs.

American Eskimo dogs are good with children and other dogs when introduced properly.

They can be suspicious of strangers but usually, welcome them after they are introduced.

They must be given physical tasks and trained religiously to prevent negative behaviors, such as over guarding, aggressiveness, excessive barking, and separation anxiety.

Image Sources: 1, 2, 3